About Tanzania

Tanzania is located in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique. It covers an area about twice the size of Nevada. Tanzania has a tropical climate along the coast, turning increasingly arid farther inland. Low plains rise into central highlands bisected by the Great Rift Valley, with a fertile plateau in the west. Natural resources include gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower, and rubies. Over 59 million people live in Tanzania. Both English and Swahili are official languages of Tanzania, while numerous indigenous languages are spoken as well. Ethnically, Tanzania is comprised primarily of Africans (99%) including the following groups: Chagga (22%) Sukuma (14%) Hehe (13%) Gogo (12%) and Makonde (11%). The country's religious groups include Sunni Islam (38%) Roman Catholic (28%) indigenous beliefs (8%) and others.

Foreign Relations

Tanzania maintains relations with various countries around the world. Its closest ties are with its fellow Swahili-speaking neighbors in the African Great Lakes region. Relations with Kenya and Mozambique are generally strong, as the three nations work toward economic and social integration through common membership in the East African Community. Tanzania's relations with other states vary. The government of Ethiopia established political links in the colonial period with Tanzania's then British administration, and today it is one of several national bodies with a diplomatic presence in Dar es Salaam. Relations with Mozambique have historically been tense, although there has been some military co-ordination against insurgents. Elsewhere, the Tanzanian government has political ties with China, India, Russia, and Brazil. It also maintains relations with Western countries, particularly the United Kingdom, although political and economic instabilities are often blamed on Western activities (e.g. colonialism, paternalistic engagement, and post-colonial resource exploitation).

Economy and Infrastructure

Tanzania has performed well in the past decade in terms of economic growth, mainly driven by the services sector, both traditional and modern. Expansion in services such as financial intermediation and mobile communications has stimulated demand for other services such as trade. Maximizing the potential of services can continue to spur economic growth, especially given that most formal, high-quality jobs are in this sector.

External Trade and Investment

The Department is responsible for the management of Tanzania’s international trade relations and the promotion and protection of its interests overseas to contribute to the country’s Development plans, including vision 2030.
Vision: To be a global leader in promoting international trade and private sector development.
Mission: To advance Tanzania’s international trade interests and promote an enabling environment for trade to thrive.